读书随想

in cn •  9 months ago 

mmexport1576896275428.jpg

丁玲,在当代中国文坛非一般人物,她的一生牵扯了很多人和事,系统地搞清丁玲并非读一二本书可以了结,故有不同版本的丁玲传出版,侧重都有所不同。

此本丁玲传文字详实,更主要是插图丰富,各个不同时期都有,毛主席曾赞丁玲有诗曰:

昨日文小姐,今日武将军。

可见其名。

丁玲在上海以写出《莎菲女士日记》而成名,很早读过,但那时限于水平未能读懂。

丁玲有一件事纠缠了很多时间,以往很多文字讳莫如深,即她在延安发表的那篇《三八节有感》,到底这文章怎么了?出了什么问题?过去一直没搞清,故拿到这本传记迅忙翻来找出,刚好说了。

丁玲从白区到延安,看到延安有特权现象,便借三八节有感批评之,受到八路军一些高级将领的批评,认为她在抗战时期对前线士气起到了消极作用,意思是前线战士在打仗,你却暴露后方延安歌舞升平,每星期六晚举行舞会,政治影响不好……说她没有从政治高度思考问题。这事丁玲还做了检讨。

还有一个人是王实味,也是用散文批评了当时延安的不良现象,写了《野百合花》一文,触摸了一些人的痛处,因此被抓,用很残忍的方式处死了王实味。今天看来,康生确实是个很坏之人。过去这事也是讳莫如深,弄得人们都以为是毛泽东命令处死了王实味,实际情说并非,毛泽东知道这事后其实非常生气,用这种办法处理不同思想问题是很过分的。事实是,今天已给王实味平反。

历史往往是虚妄的,关键看我们怎么理解。

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